All about orbits and trajectories of ridiculous space flights between Earth and Moon or Mars in a Universe full of invisible Black Holes, gravity force, visible quasars and gravity waves - also why Earth orbits the Sun and my simple explanation of the purpose of everything

by Anders Björkman


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This is my incorrectual (!) opinion, based on personal research, critical thinking and common sense. No human beings or bullshit have been in space 1957-today, in spite of at least 10 US presidents stating the opposite at various times. They were lying as usually every time. The presidents just said what their speech writers had invented but anyway. And they are followed by plenty other people lying about the Universe. The official Lie (the Big Bang theory) is that it all started with a small singularity, then inflated (?) over the next 13.8 billion years to the cosmos that we know today and fly around in. Our Solar system in the Milky Way galaxy came about at the same time. The Milky Way contains between 200 and 400 billion stars and at least 100 billion planets. Our planet Earth is one of them. Imagine that!

After the beginning - the singularity enabling a Big Bang - there was only radiation, while hydrogen and helium atoms were created out of nothing a little later. The cosmic microwave background (CMB) is thought to be leftover radiation from the Big Bang, or the time when the Universe began. Listen:

As the theory goes, when the universe was born (sic) it underwent a rapid inflation and expansion (i.e. it was blown up). The universe is still expanding today, and the expansion rate appears different (?) depending on where you look. The CMB represents the heat or radiation left over from the Big Bang. You can't see the CMB with your naked eye, but it is everywhere in the universe. It is invisible to humans because it is so cold, just 2.725 degrees above absolute zero (minus 459.67 degrees Fahrenheit, or minus 273.15 degrees Celsius.) This means its radiation is most visible in the microwave part of the electromagnetic spectrum.

You should wonder what idiots wrote that? Aha, NASA! The early atoms then formed stars that were ignited and burnt billion years. These early stars then collapsed into themselves to explode, when all other atoms were created, e.g. coal, iron, uranium and gold. Later other planets like our Earth were formed out of these atoms. It is pure fantasy of course, but plenty pseudo scientists have got Swedish Nobel prizes about it, e.g. the inventor of the CMB fantasy above. Sweden is great to produce pseudo-science!

My alternative theory is described at the end of this page.

NASA has plenty info about our planet Earth, the Sun and our Solar system in the Universe since many years: 

Earth orbits our Sun, a star.

The Sun is the center of our Solar system.

Earth is the third planet from the Sun at a distance of about 93 million miles (150 million km) or 1 AU.

A day on Earth is 24 hours because Earth rotates 360° around its poles in that time.

Earth makes a complete orbit around the Sun in about 365 days (a year in Earth time).

The Sun's mass is about 333 000 times that of Earth.

The Sun contains about 99% of the total mass of the Solar System. It is the reason why all planets and asteroids orbit the Sun.

(If Earth was orbiting the Sun, that some people suggest, the Earth's mass must be 333 000 times that of the Sun. The Earth local gravity force would then be so great that nothing could leave Earth. It is one reason why little Earth orbits the big Sun.)

Laika the dog was the first Earthling to orbit Earth aboard the Soviet Union's Sputnik 2 in 1957. She did not survive the trip.

A few years later, the next two Soviet space dogs - Belka and Strelka - became the first living creatures to return from space alive - paving the way for future human explorers.

However dogs Belka and Strelka never returned from space, if they ever were there. It was just communist propaganda and/or FAKE NEWS! A re-entry is not possible. NASA tells plenty lies about space since its beginning.

NASA is not serious!

Actually, when in orbit around Earth, there is no way to change it and travel somewhere else. Once in orbit, always in orbit.

Or to return and safely land on Earth again. You are going too fast.

Prove me wrong and earn Euro 1 million!

A trajectory is the path of any object, any projectile or any spacecraft moving under the action of variable forces, e.g. Sun and Earth gravity, its own rocket engine and friction (lift/drag) of e.g. an atmosphere.

Gravity is force that attract masses. The trajectory of a spacecraft flying between planets Earth and Mars orbiting the Sun in vacuum space is governed by the gravity forces of the planets in the vicinity and the Sun and by forces applied by its own rocket engine and it cannot be predicted as speeds, distances, directions and gravity forces change all the time. It is basic astrophysics!
A comet orbits the Sun - here seen from Earth 1911

A spacecraft simply cannot fly from Earth to Mars! Of course plenty experts say it has been done, but it is Fake News and propaganda every time!

An orbit is on the other hand a gravitational, normally curved path of an object A around another object B in space, i.e. a path followed by one heavenly body A, e.g. a planet, a moon or an artificial satellite around another planet or the Sun, object B, without any power used. The gravity forces between A and B are always in balance. The orbit can be circular or elliptical.

A geocentric orbit is around Earth (all objects ejected from Earth orbit Earth!), a heliocentric orbit is around the Sun, e.g. the planets Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturnus, Neptunus, various comets, etc. As they have not been ejected from the Sun, it is not clear how they started to orbit the Sun. But by observation we can see that they apparently orbit the Sun.

Normally the mass of object A being ejected into orbit (e.g. a satellite or spacecraft) is much smaller than the mass of object B (e.g. Earth) that A orbits. How the planets and asteroids started to orbit the Sun is, as already said, not known. We only know, by observation, that planets and comets orbit the Sun and that our Moon orbits Earth. If asteroids exist is another question. Maybe NASA just invented them too?

According Dr.
Razmik Mirzoyan completely other things happen in our Universe, e.g.

the fast Low Light Level photon detectors (SiPM, PMT, hybrid PMT), SENSE EU supported project for the EU Roadmap for the improved photon sensors, Astro Particle Physics with the TAIGA multiple component detector, including the small array of 4m class IACTs, the surface and underground muon detectors and the 'HiSCORE' detectors

have observed things - photons - that behave strangely And Razmik is supported by Mathieu Jacobé de Naurois! He is an expert of gamma astronomy, which is the most violent phenomena of the Universe. Ultra fast, invisible photons!! It came to him by chance, during a meeting, in 1996, with Eric Paré who would become his thesis director. Listen!

New technical possibilities (ultra-fast electronics and computer processing) finally made possible the exploration of a Universe, invisible to classical instruments, but predicted for decades. In retrospect, he was extremely lucky to be among the first humans to look at what he would call a new continent. He will never forget in particular the excitement, after long nights of work in Namibia, to finally see the first signals of photons emitted millions of years ago.

Imagine that! A stupid Frenchman seeing invisible photons emitted millions of years ago!!! In Namibia! But wait ...

In 2022 the Cherenkov Telescope Array, CTA, at Chile will see relativistic cosmic particles (sic) after €400.000.000:- investments! CTA will seek to understand the impact of high-energy particles in the evolution of cosmic systems and to gain insight into the most extreme and unusual phenomena in the Universe. CTA will search for annihilating dark matter particles (sic) and deviations from Einstein’s theory of relativity and even conduct a census of particle acceleration in the Universe. There are plenty people inventing incredible things about the Solar system.

Ultima Thule asteroid - 4.5 billions years old and 44.5 AU from the Sun and not damaged since then

Ever heard of Ultima Thule?

The Ultima Thule assteroid orbits the Sun in 298 years at average 44.54 AU, i.e. it is 44.54 times further away from the Sun than Earth. It is outside planet Pluto that orbits the Sun at only average 39.5 AU distance, we are told.

There have been few to no disruptive impacts on funny Ultima Thule (picture left) since it was formed 4.5 billion years ago, we are told, so the details of its formation have been preserved.

It was discovered on 26 June 2014 by fake/criminal astronomer Marc Buie using the fake Hubble Space Telescope, so you can be sure it and everything else are 100% fantasy and don't exist. Marc has found 1 000's of minor planets and assteroids orbiting the Sun or his own asshole - all fake of course.

All orbits can be predicted, as an object in any orbit returns to where it once was; the trajectory of an orbit is closed and the gravity forces are known and in balance. The object A goes round and around object B in the orbit - forever!

Most orbits are elliptic like Earth's around the Sun. In December Earth is closer to the Sun than in July. It means that the orbital velocity of planet Earth is faster in December than July, i.e. the orbital velocity is variable. It means that it is quite complex to calculate the exact location of Earth in its heliocentric orbit at any time. It means that any space travel is very complex.

How to put a simple satellite A into circular orbit in space around Earth/B?

You use a rocket! The rocket thus lifts, accelerates, directs through the atmosphere and finally lobs A into the required orbit in space, i.e. high above the Earth atmosphere. At the right altitude and tangential speed the rocket engine is shut off and A is lobbed into orbit, while the rocket + engine drop down on Earth again and burns up, when re-entering the atmosphere. Complicated stuff! Timing is essential. Final constant velocity of satellite A at the right altitude in the circular orbit must be tangential and of the right order. If too slow A will drop back on Earth, if too fast the orbit becomes elliptic. The equipment inside A must be solid and robust. A spends half its time in low altitude, fast speed orbits exposed to the Sun and heats up. The other time is in the shade and A cools down. If A orbits Earth far above the equator in 24 hours at slow speed and great altitude, so A is always above the same location on Earth - geostationary orbit, it is exposed to the Sun longer, as the shade is smaller - Earth acting as a parasol!

The United Nations Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space, plenty idiots, incorrectly believe 2019 that "the Earth's orbital space environment constitutes a finite resource". Actually there are unlimited numbers of ways to orbit Earth and the probability of any object orbiting Earth will collide with another object orbiting Earth is 0! Imagine that the United Nations do not know the basics of Earth's orbits!

No object or spacecraft starting from Earth can steer from a geocentric to a heliocentric orbit, unless an internal or external force is applied to it at the right moment, location, direction, duration and size in orbit. It makes any space travel between planets impossible.

You cannot simply jump from one orbit (around Earth) to another (around the Sun or the Moon). "Experts" suggest that changing orbits are possible by, e.g. gravity assists/flybys of other planets, e.g. a spacecraft starts in an Earth orbit, encounters another planet or Earth again and is kicked into a new orbit around that planet. It is utter nonsense and the foundation of all NASA lies about space travel.

Do we know that orbits are real?

Yes! Galileo Galilei observed already 7 January 1610 how moons orbited planet Jupiter. Galilei also studied the moons orbiting planet Saturn. It upset plenty people at the time including the Pope, God's representative on Earth! His holiness maintained that he, Rome and the Earth were the center of the Universe. He could not accept that small moons orbited Jupiter and Saturn. Newton has later explained why small moons can orbit planets - see Newton's third law.

You yourself can see our little Moon orbiting our planet Earth. Earth doesn't orbit the Moon because the Moon is too small. A tail of a dog does not wag the dog.

The NASA/ESA spacecraft Cassini allegedly discovered two new Saturn moons 2004 after a strange space flight starting from Earth 1997, variable speed/direction trajectory/orbit of which passed the orbits of planets Venus and Jupiter around the Sun, when respective planets also happened, magically, to be there for a close encounter. The Cassini trip was 100% fantasy! A man made spacecraft starting from Earth cannot flyby planets and study local moons. I am a great fan of Galilei. 1610 there was no need for him to invent anything. He just observed and described orbits in space that anyone can see from Earth. Newton explained the physics/mechanics/dynamics of orbits later.

A man made spacecraft initially orbiting Earth will always orbit Earth until the force of some other heavenly body, e.g. the Moon or the Sun, takes over, so you start orbiting that body or crash on it. But it is very difficult to change one orbit, e.g. around Earth, and enter another orbit, e.g. around the Moon or the Sun. To do so you have to apply plenty force/energy to your spacecraft at the right altitude, location, time, direction, duration and size in space to get out of or modify the first, circular orbit around Earth, while still orbiting Earth, and then apply other force/energy to, after a while, enter a new orbit around Mars, the Moon, the Sun or whatever.

In my opinion, no man made spacecraft can carry enough fuel/energy, equipment, crew, etc, to apply a force to itself to change orbit and later to return to the original orbit! Just going to the Moon requires two big changes in orbit: Example Apollo 11!

For a spacecraft to reach the moving Moon from a high speed, low altitude, circular orbit around Earth it has to modify its original, circular, constant speed orbit around Earth into an elliptical or eccentric one that will pass the Moon that orbits Earth, from which the Moon can attract the spacecraft at a location "X" in space. To do so the spacecraft must apply a force to change its orbit from circular to elliptical/eccentric. When arriving at "X", another force must be applied to the spacecraft for it to leave elliptical orbit Earth and to start orbiting the Moon, it is said. I doubt it can be done! Any journalist reporting new space trips anywhere should really ask how it is done by any space traveller, either on board or remotely from Earth. Or is everything automatic navigation by computers? If so, who wrote the software?

The spacecraft's original
orbit is circular and at constant speed at low altitude around Earth - LEO, where the local, orbital, tangential velocity (m/s), the change of direction (°/s) and the gravity (inwards) and centrifugal (outwards) forces (N) are constant and in balance. When the orbit becomes elliptical or elongated or eccentric after applying a new, great rocket force in LEO, e.g. going to the Moon, there are many different, variable speed/direction geo-orbits you can chose; curved (slow - two weeks), less curved (a little faster - one week) or fairly straight (fast - 2 days). The orbital, tangential speed, change of direction and gravity/centrifugal forces are variable and greater in the new, elliptical orbit, when the distance between the spacecraft and Earth is smaller and smaller when the distance is greater, etc, but they are always in balance.

The arrival time at "X" varies depending on the departure speed, time and location out of circular orbit, the variable speed trajectory chosen and you have to be sure that the Moon is there, when you arrive at "X". The position/tangential speed/change of direction of a body in any geo-orbit can be determined/predicted. But ... how, when, where to leave geo-orbit at location "X", what force to apply, in what direction to start a new moon-orbit?

Nobody knows in spite of MIT, Massachusetts Institute of (bad) Technology, of Boston saying it did it in the 1950's! It was Fake News then ... and today.

There are no ways to calculate the arrival time at and location of "X"! Ask Google how to fly to the Moon and you get no serious replies. Of course it is suggested that many spacecrafts have travelled to the Moon since the 1960's but ... they are all Fake News!

But don't worry! If you miss "X" and the Moon, you still orbit Earth and will return close to Earth after a while. But only to start another geo-orbit in space! Actually, there is no way to get out of any orbit and land on Earth - a re-entry - described further below.

Planets Earth, Venus and Mars (and other planets, comets and asteroids) orbit the Sun in our heliocentric system since billions of years without any assistance. Nobody knows how it started. The Earth today orbits the Sun in about 365 days at about 29 800 m/s tangential velocity and 360°/year change of direction. The Earth also rotates around itself at the north/south poles 360°/24 hrs. Above the Earth North pole is the Polaris star in our 3D solar system (the Milky way galaxy). It is 360-580 light-years further up and above (nobody knows), perpendicular from Earth orbiting the Sun and therefore always, an almost fixed (sic) point/star in the sky above the North Pole and perfect for navigation at sea, on ground and in the air, even if Earth rotation axis is tilted 23.5° relative the Earth/Sun orbital plane. Currently Polaris is extremely well suited to mark the position of the north celestial pole, as Polaris is a moderately bright star with a visual magnitude of 2.1 (variable), and it is located about one degree from the pole.  Anyone can see it! The Sun is only 0.000015812507 light-years from Earth.

Mars is seen outside and behind the Sun from Earth orbiting the Sun inside Mars at a certain time, but sometimes you have to look the other way to see Mars from Earth, when Earth is between Mars and Sun. Reason is different orbit times and locations of observations. It is well established. Question remains what orbits what!

There are wildly excited and enthusiastic people, friends (?) of mine, believing today 2019 that the Sun and planet Mars are a binary couple of stars orbiting each other with Earth more or less stationary in between. Venus and Mercury are moons of the Sun. What Jupiter, Saturnus, Uranus and Pluto and comets orbit is not clear. It is the Simon-Shack-Tychos model below:

 I (Simon Shack) will uphold my "bold" yet well-grounded assertion that the TYCHOS is the most viable and accurate model of our solar system ever devised.

Try to plan a trip in space from Earth to Mars in the TYCHOS system though! Personally I think Earth orbits the Sun.

Simon was an old friend of mine. We inspected M/S Costa Concordia together a long time ago - 2012. That partly sunk cruise ship was 2014 raised and removed, i.e. towed from the Giglio island rocks to Genoa, Italy, put in drydock 2016, the hull was repaired and ... the always not seaworthy ship was towed to sea again and completely sunk 2017. It is the biggest marine insurance fraud ever - US$1 500 000 000:- !!!. Media do not care about it. The Master was found guilty of everything and is in jail until 2028! The ship was used to carry drugs from America to Europe and was sabotaged! But media cannot report it as it will upset particular interests like the ship and drug owners, authorities and insurances.

Back to orbits around the Earth!

Most people agree that you cannot predict or calculate a trajectory of any man made spacecraft moving in a variable or non-uniform gravity field in a heliocentric planetary system. It means, of course, that all space trips outside Earth orbit are faked-up, invented fantasies.

Travel in 3D space is not a pleasant 2D cruise at sea, where you navigate by looking at the Sun, Moon, stars relative the Earth horizon and your clock ... or GPS ... and charts.

It seems nobody at NASA, ESA or people assisting Elon Musk can predict a simple trajectory Earth/Moon or Mars and what departure force to apply at what direction and how much fuel is burnt and at what arrival speed, direction and time to arrive at a location "X" in the vicinity of the target, where the gravity force of the target takes over ... and you have to brake! So you cannot calculate your trajectory Earth/Mars to start with. The speeds/directions vary all the time. Any search on Internet about this simple problem - trajectory Earth/Mars - confirms it ... you find only nonsense. To apply a temporary force of short durations on any spacecraft using a rocket engine consuming fuel to proceed towards a moving target, e.g. Mars, must be done at the correct location and time in space but ... you do not know in what direction to apply the force and for how long. You will always miss Mars ... and fly away in the Universe. Bye, bye Earth.

Elon Musk has other ideas September 2016! Elon's 100 persons space craft takes only 80-150 days to fly straight to Mars and it will just brake and land on arrival like the Belgian reporter Tintin + dog 1953 on the Moon (right). Fuel for return to Earth will be manufactured locally. Elon lives in a fantasy world paid for 100% by ... NASA! I cannot understand how MSM can take Elon seriously. When Elon speaks publicly he brings along 50 persons to cheer him in the audience. Same persons stop other people to ask serious questions. It reminds me of Hitler's Nazi-Germany and its Volkswagen cars and Stalin's USSR. Elon M also builds cars.

But Elon is not alone: The ESA spacecraft Rosetta departed from planet Earth 3/4 March 2005 to arrive - hole in one - at planet Mars 25/7 February 2007 - for a gravity assisted kick (see C. below) on its way to comet 67P! It took so long because Rosetta went around the Sun (!) in a funny trajectory in the meantime. I describe it in 1.19.1 below. It is just another fantasy that never happened. You cannot fly around in trajectories in space as suggested. Typical ESA! Rosetta finally crashed on the comet 67P on 30 September 2016 to finish the fantasy trip. The only scientific finding of the whole (fake) Rosetta trip is that comets are not 70-80% frozen water but 70-80% solid minerals of different types.

Imagine what the ESA astrophysicists can invent and lie about! And we European tax payers pay for it.

My understanding is that no spacecraft of any kind can carry enough fuel for any trip anywhere in space ... and return to Earth rotating around itself. All space trips are simply one-way trips into various Earth orbits.

I have not been able to understand how you can leave one orbit, e.g. around Earth, and start in another orbit, e.g. around the Sun with a straight or whatever trajectory in between. 


It is important to know what gravity is and isn't. There are two explanations of gravity.

According Newton gravity is a force that somehow acts instantaneously between objects with mass in space, causing them to attract one another. The bigger the mass, the bigger the force. Gravity force is also a variable function of the distance between the two objects. The greater the distance, the smaller the force. Space and time are separate absolute entities and all objects (with mass) in them are affected by gravity forces. I am a firm believer of gravity as a force. I have seen apples drop from trees due to gravity. Gravity affects human space travel trajectories between heavenly bodies and makes it impossible ... because the heavenly bodies are moving in orbits all the time, so the gravity forces applied to external objects vary all the time. You can maybe - miracle - move from one orbit to another but never arrive to the second orbit, when the heavenly body to be visited there happens to pass.

Newton's gravity is only locally applicable on and around Earth. It is not applicable in the Universe or in our galaxy the Milky Way! Why? The Milky Way galaxy is very large - diameter 120 000 light years with a Black Hole (see below) in its centre! It means that it takes a photon 120 000 years to travel from one end to another in the Milky Way. I assume gravity is slower than that, which means that the infinite numbers of Solar Systems in our Milky Way galaxy cannot communicate with each other instantaneously by gravity. Other, unknown forces must be in action!

According Einstein gravity is not an ordinary force, but rather a property of space time geometry, i.e. a field - the product of bodies/masses moving through curved space time. Space and time are relative entities, interwoven into a "fabric" called space time in a dynamic universe space. Very complicated stuff and complete nonsense in my opinion. One result is that light, i.e. photons without mass travelling at the speed of light, is affected by this gravitational field, when passing, e.g. the Sun on way to the Earth. It has (maybe!) been verified studying the light of stars on Earth during eclipses and the light of stars hitting a NASA satellite orbiting Earth. The light from the stars changes direction (is bent), when passing the Sun, we are told. Why not? I haven't seen it, though, and I don't need glasses except for reading. It does not really affect artificial, man-made objects moving in space between Earth and its Moon or planets orbiting the Sun, etc. Einstein forgot that it takes a photon 120 000 years just to pass through the Milky Way, so all masses in the Universe must allow for it.

But then there is this video about Black Holes! Watch it and enjoy the music before proceeding. It is paid for by the US Black Hole sect:

countless, might, surmised, billions, gravity, impossible to see, concept, intrigued, gluttons, black holes, imaginary surface, event horizon, science fiction, dream, influence, won't let go, disappear, "maw", no detectable energy, accretion disk, light years, remarkable, appears, time-dilation, squeezed from side to side, gee whiz factor, infinitely dense pinpoint, laws of gravity break down so badly, event horizon, singularity, lost forever, actual size, if you squeezed the mass of the sun(!), sun isn't heavy enough, core's nuclear reaction, nuclear fuel, super nova, super-dense neutron star, infinitely dense, probably sprinkled, can't see it anymore, pipsqueaks, super massive black holes(!) - (I thought they were already infinite), even heavier!, 6.6 billion times, twice as wide as our entire solar system, one idea, collapse of giant clouds of gas, smaller building blocks, idea how, smaller stellar mass black holes, hundreds of solar masses, trillion times brighter than the sun, they can turn on again if they get enough to eat, best way to feed a black hole, black holes will feed on each other, in the future, very far future, extremely far future, Stephen Hawking (!), trillions of years, death rows of a black hole.

Black Hole in space

Its hypothesis (a supposition or proposed explanation made on the basis of limited evidence as a starting point for further investigation) is that an object with infinite mass (and density) in space time - a Black Hole - will attract - by gravity - light with zero mass, so it cannot escape at all. The photons without mass flying around in space are sucked up by the Black Hole (left) and disappear forever.

Black Holes or singularities were discovered by cosmologist Stephen Hawking many years ago after looking too deep into glass of whisky, I assume! Such an asshole (?) in 3D cosmos or space is the result of a star collapsing into itself by gravity, when all hydrogen atoms of the star fuse into helium ones that fuse into or become other particles releasing energy/heat.

Stephen was suffering from ALS since 1963, a disease that killed my friend E in six months 2001/2.

Stephen was since 1986 a member of the Pontifical Academy of Sciences, which was established in 1936 by Pope Pius XI, and has met three Popes. The theories of evolution and the Big Bang are real and God is not "a magician with a magic wand", Pope Francis has declared October 2014 at the Pontifical Academy of Sciences. 

After a while all remaining particles are just a non-dimensional point of energy (!) or singularity in space without length, breadth and height but with indefinite density (!) or no density (energy has no density), unless they all disappeared into the fourth dimensions, according Stephen.

Black Holes

Image of Black Hole in space April 2019 - no peer review, no independent checking, just propaganda, no questions replied to

However, an image (left) of a Black Hole was published by Fake News media 11 April 2019!

People and astronomers on Earth said that they had found this invisible Black Hole (the black dot in the middle of the image) in the center of a galaxy in the Universe 50 million (!) light-years away. All lies. Just fantasies. They are just people that get together and publish lies of all sorts. If you ask a question - no replies! You can quote me!

This super massive black hole immortalised by a far-flung network of radio telescopes 2017/9 is 50 million light-years (!) away at the centre of a galaxy known as M87. How anyone can find such a small, invisible thing 50 million light-years (!) away is better not asked for. 

How to link
optical telescopes to work as a single device is nothing new. I have serious doubts about that technology to make an image of a celestial object at the center of a galaxy 50 million light years away. The object in question - an alleged Black Hole - has a diameter of our Solar system. The diameter of the Solar System is 180 AU or about 0.003 light years.

So a Black Hole with diameter 0.003 light years is 50 000 000 light years away. I doubt any radio or telescopes on Earth can make an image of it. It is lit up by some background light - a quasar - that surrounds the Black Hole!

Well, it was Ms. Katie Bouman (age 29) that managed to put the fake image together.

Maybe it was a selfie of her sexual organ? She is the latest star of the space fakers/fuckers show. This is business as usual. She wants a Nobel prize for the hole job! She doesn't understand that she was fooled to look at plenty gigaoctets of signal data and make something of it. Magic ... it became an image. More scientific nonsense about this image:

"The data is like an incomplete puzzle set," said team member Monika Moscibrodzka, an astronomer at Radboud University. "We only see pieces of the real true image, and then we have to fill in the gaps of the missing pieces."

"What we see in the image is the shadow of the black hole's rim - known as the event horizon, or the point of no return - set against the luminous accretion disk," Gueth told AFP.

The unprecedented image - so often imagined in science and science fiction -- has been analysed in six studies co-authored by 200 experts from 60-odd institutions and published Wednesday in Astrophysical Journal Letters.

"I never thought that I would see a real one in my lifetime," said CNRS astrophysicist Jean-Pierre Luminet, author in 1979 of the first digital simulation of a black hole.

"We were desperately waiting for the data from the South Pole Telescope, which - due to extreme weather conditions during the southern hemisphere winter - didn't arrive until six months later," recalled Helger Rottmann from the Max Planck Institute.

It would take another year, however, to piece together the data into an image.

"To be absolutely sure, we did the work four times with four different teams," said Gueth.

"We are looking at a region we have never looked at before, that we cannot really imagine being there," said Heino Falcke, chair of the EHT Science Council.

Etc, etc.

Anyway, a Pontifical Academy of Sciences with a criminal scientific fraud like Stephen as member is providing authoritative advice on scientific and technological matters including miracles of all kind. Listen:

"Creation, therefore, in time, and therefore, a Creator; and consequently, God! This is the statement, even though not explicit or complete, that we demand of science, and that the present generation of man expects from it".

Pius XII - 22 November 1951

Stephen Hawking, or a person/actor said to be him, died March 2018. He was probably just an actor in a strange show.

Black Hole in space

All his findings were never peer reviewed by anybody. They were just fantasies.

This would be a good time to remind you that black holes were invented and modelled before the dark matter catastrophe. Mainstream physics now admits that 95% of the universe - and therefore 95% of this Seyfert galaxy and proposed black hole - is a big question mark in the equations. It is a total unknown, and can't be included in the equations in any way. Every black hole model is a gravity-only model, and it doesn't include dark matter as a player in celestial mechanics, except in a small squishy way via the cosmological constant. …

It is very easy to spot a Black Hole in the UNIVERSE. Just look out for a quasar! They are everywhere, we are told! 

A quasar (also known as a quasi-stellar object abbreviated QSO) is an extremely luminous active galactic nucleus (AGN), in which a supermassive Black Hole with mass ranging from millions to billions of times the mass of the Sun is surrounded by a gaseous accretion disk. As gas in the disk falls (?) towards the Black Hole, energy is released in the form of electromagnetic radiation, which can be observed across the electromagnetic spectrum. The power (?) radiated by quasars is enormous: the most powerful quasars have luminosities thousands of times greater than a galaxy such as the Milky Way.

A quasar is thus a compact (sic) region in vacuum space surrounding a super massive Black Hole and emitting enormous amounts of electromagnetic energy/light, as mass from the core of a surrounding galaxy, under the influence of the Black Hole's gravity, falls onto its accretion disc.

You follow? Mass falls (by gravity?) onto its accretion disc! As light!

70% of the 'stars' or illuminated points you see, when you watch the sky at a clear night, are quasars falling into Black Holes with infinite mass nearby. Did you know it?

There are 1.000's of Black Holes that you cannot see from Earth, because they are invisible but just beside 70% of all those illuminated, compact points you can really see a quasar. The other points are just old, real stars.

A quasar in space dropping mass into a Black Hole! The yellow right thing is visible, the left blue thing is really black ... and cannot be seen!

I do not believe in quasars either. They are another invention of sick and criminal asstronomers and asstrophysicists to keep them busy.

There is a Black Hole much closer - Sagittarius A*! It is at the centre of our galaxy the Milky Way. It is only 26.000 (!) light-years away, we are told. I doubt it. No photo has been taken of it.

People thus said 10 August 2017 (!) they had discovered a Black Hole - Sagittarius A* - at the centre of our Milky Way galaxy universe with a finite mass 4.15 × 106 greater than the mass of our Sun. It is only 26 000 light-years away from Earth but no quasar was reported close by, reason being that the nearest quasar is 600 million light-years away. How this Black Hole just around the corner from Earth in the Milky Way can collide with anything and where it came from are not clear either!

The old UNIVERSE, that we are told astronuts fly around in today, was created a long time ago out of the first gravitational singularity ever heard of.

The UNIVERSE was created out of a Black Hole in reverse! By God?

Gravitational singularity in action
"All matter and energy of the entire visible UNIVERSE was contained in an unimaginably hot, dense point - gravitational singularity - a billionth the size of a nuclear particle."

All the photons and energy of the UNIVERSE was concentrated in one point. Magic! Inch Allah! It was hot and dense.

Its temperature was 1032 K (Kelvin) or 1047K. Jesus Christ! A second later the Lepton epoch started and the temperature was only 109 K. In one second the temperature of the expanding UNIVERSE had sunk 1021 K! Someone had thrown a bucket of water on it to cool it down?

Aurélien Barrau (born 19 May 1973 in Neuilly-sur-Seine) is a typical French, new generation, end of the world clown specialized in astroparticle physics, Black Holes (Aurélien thinks there are millions of Black Holes everywhere that you can visit) and is inventor of the equation of remanence, etc. He works (LOL) with >220 others in the CNRS Laboratory for Subatomic Physics and Cosmology (LPSC) that trains a new generation of pseudo scientists!  He never goes to a barber as he considers himself a poet! "La poésie, c'est la précision. La poésie, c'est à la fois la maîtrise souveraine de la grammaire, l'humble soumission à la syntaxe, et le droit - presque le devoir - de pourtant réinventer à chaque strophe, ... Elle débute par une exploration patiente et savante du réel" he says. I consider him an imagineer, a job described by Ralph René in his funny book NASA MOONED  AMERICA! I recommend the book but notes that Ralph never considered how the astro-nots went to the toilet, etc.

Astroparticle physics, also called particle astrophysics, is a branch of particle physics that studies elementary particles of astronomical origin and their relation to astrophysics and cosmology. It is a new (sic) field of research emerging at the intersection of particle physics, astronomy, astrophysics, detector physics, relativity, solid state physics, cosmology and similar things. Partly motivated by the alleged discovery of nonsensical neutrino oscillation, the astroparticle physics field has undergone rapid development, both theoretically and experimentally, since the early 2000s, we are told.  Most of it appears to be pure fantasies.

Gravitational Waves

I do not believe in Black Holes with finite or infinite masses or energies or dimensions in space surrounded by quasars, or e.g. that two Black Holes with quasars collided 1.3 billion light-years ago/away and formed a new Black Hole that deformed the space time producing gravitational waves that were detected and seen 14 September 2015, by two Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatories at US states of Louisiana and Washington, when passing through Earth on that day ... 1.3 billion light-years later:

"The staggering strength (?) of the merger gave rise to a new black hole and created a gravitational field so strong that it distorted space time in waves that spread throughout space with a power about 50 times stronger than that of all the shining stars and galaxies in the observable universe. Such events are, incredibly, thought to be common in space, but this collision was the first of its kind ever detected and its waves the first ever seen."

What a joke!

Two hot Black Holes in space without quasars prior collision becoming one dark Black Hole distorting space time!

Black Holes collisions, common in space - once a month - and waves discovered in the gravitational field are just
pseudoscience in my opinion. Anyway, I didn't notice anything 14 September 2015. Of course the change was smaller than one ten-thousandth the diameter of a proton and my eyes cannot see such amazing things. I really think that Black Holes in space are shear propaganda and Fake News!

Here is more nonsense about Black Holes taught at university by Dr. Richard Feynman. Richard was a real, pseudoscientific asshole and womanizer fucking around everywhere. He was part of the team that invented the fake atomic bomb 1942/5 and another team that investigated/invented a fake Shuttle accident 1986/8. In between he invented all sorts of fake things about 'quantum electrodynamics' - complete nonsense that gave him the Nobel Prize physics 1965.

3 October 2017 the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences decided to award the Nobel Prize in Physics 2017 with one half to Rainer Weiss, LIGO/VIRGO Collaboration and the other half jointly to Barry C. Barish, LIGO/VIRGO Collaboration and Kip S. Thorne, LIGO/VIRGO Collaboration. Takaaki Kajita thought it was fantastic. What another joke! Actually the four persons mentioned are the latest, Nobel pseudoscientific prize winning criminals I know. It is sad. Similar to the Nobel Prize for Peace 2017 given to some other clowns.

The reason was that on 14 September 2015, a universe's gravitational wave (GW150914) or waves were observed for the very first time by Rainer, Barry and Kip with Taakati cheering on. The wave or waves, which were predicted by Albert Einstein a hundred years ago, came from a collision between two Black Holes 1.3 billion years ago, we were told. It took 1.3 billion years for the wave or waves to arrive - at the speed of light - at the LIGO detector in the USA. And I didn't notice it at Beausoleil on 14 September 2015. So no Nobel Prize for me! This year. But 2019? 

Another collision or space time ripple event (or what?) took place on 25 or 26 December 2015 (GW151226) and a third on 4 January 2017 (GW170104) and a fourth on 17 August 2017 (GW170814) at 14.41 hrs and more gravitational waves were recorded.

GW170814 was a gravitational wave signal from two merging black holes, detected by the LIGO and Virgo observatories on 14 (sic) August 2017. On 27 September 2017, the LIGO and Virgo collaborations announced the observation of the signal, the fourth confirmed event after GW150914, GW151226 and GW170104. It was the first binary black hole merger detected by LIGO and Virgo together.

Image credit: LIGO/Caltech/MIT/Sonoma State (Aurore Simonnet)
"LIGO has discovered a new population of black holes with masses that are larger than what had been seen before with X-ray studies alone (purple (left)). The three confirmed detections by LIGO (GW150914, GW151226, GW170104), and one lower-confidence detection (LVT151012), point to a population of stellar-mass binary black holes that, once merged, are larger than 20 solar masses—larger than what was known before."

It seems that LIGO has missed Black Hole - Sgr A* - at the centre of our Milky Way galaxy universe with a finite mass 4.150.000 greater than the mass of our Sun.

But my dear old Europe is not far behind! The European Virgo gravitational wave laboratory at Pisa, Italy, started only 1 August 2017 and already 17 August 2017 it registered a gravitational wave due to the collision of Black Holes of 31 and 25 Sun masses that took place a Friday only 1.800.000.000 years ago far away. Imagine that!

This new Black Hole has a mass of only 53 Sun's. The missing three masses is the energy of the 1
.800.000.000 years old gravitational wave according to plenty European experts, e.g. Benoit Mours, LAPP, Annecy, Patrice Hello, LAL, Orsay and Thibault Damour, IHES, Paris. All according to Physical Review Letters that publish weekly nonsense of Black Holes, bla, bla bla, since many years! Nothing can escape from a Black Hole except gravitational waves. Why we build expensive instruments and employ and pay crazy physicists to find them is a mystery.

But maybe it wasn't a Black Holes collision?

The neutron star collision 130 million light-years ago but observed on Earth 17 August 2017 (left) unlocks cosmic mysteries we are told by media: 

The two neutron stars converged in the galaxy NGC 4993, on 17 August only 130 million light-years from Earth, emitting gravitational waves in the process.

Imagine - two neutron stars converged!

The mysterious, single, lonely 17 August 2017 gravitational wave was apparently formed only 130 million years ago in a neutron stars collision or convergion (!!) as follows:

i. First, two, very dense heavenly bodies (probably neutron stars - it is not certain) danced around each other at very great speeds somewhere in the Universe, actually the Hydra constellation (see vii. below).

Photo of the neutron star collision in the star constellation Hydra, that consists of billions of galaxies and named after a fantasy sea serpent. The collision took place 130 million years ago

neutron star is the collapsed core of a large star having between 10 and 29 solar masses. Neutron stars are the smallest and densest stars known to exist. Though neutron stars typically have a radius on the order of 10 kilometers, they can have masses of about twice that of the Sun. A neutron star can also be a very small, super-dense star which is composed mostly of tightly-packed neutrons. It has a thin atmosphere of hydrogen according some experts. Imagine a star ... with atmosphere! It has a diameter of about 5-16 km and a density of roughly 1015 kg/m3. There are thought to be around 100 million neutron stars in our galaxy the Milky Way.

So two such heavy, solid, dense stars rotated around each other until they suddenly ...

ii. second, collided releasing great amounts of energy. Imagine that! According other experts they just fused and became one bigger neutron star. However ...

iii. the collision was so violent that the space time structure (whatever that is?) vibrated - only once! - and released one, only one, gravitational wave into the 3D universe. Imagine that! But there is no evidence for anything except contradictory press releases and Google articles ... so

iv. third, like 2D waves formed in the interface sea water/air, when you drop a stone in the water, this lonely 3D wave - pressure pulse? - propagated through the 3D space time structure at the speed of light, until it, 130 million years later, passed the two American LIGOs and the European VIRGO Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatories. We are thus told:

Approximately 130 million years ago, ... two neutron stars were in their final moments of orbiting each other, separated only by about 300 kilometers, or 200 miles, and gathering speed while closing the distance between them. As the stars spiraled faster and closer together, they stretched and distorted the surrounding space-time, giving of energy in the form of powerful gravitational waves, before smashing into each other.

It seems that more than one wave was formed, but only one wave or pressure pulse was recorded 130 million years later here on Earth. I have to admit that I didn't notice it. Maybe I was asleep?

v. The wave or pressure pulse passed the three observatories during 0.01 seconds. It was 100 times longer than the three previous gravitational wave observations due to Black Holes collisions! Imagine that ... 100 times longer ... and

vi. fourth, less than two seconds later the American Fermi and the European Integral satellites recorded a short burst of gamma radiation! It is assumed the origin is the collision 130 million years ago. So

vii. fifth, less than five hours later the location of the origin of the collision was established to be in the star constellation Hydra, that consists of billions of galaxies and named after a fantasy sea serpent. The collision however took place in one of only fifty Hydra galaxies as seen (!) by a small telescope located at Las Campanas, Chile. What was seen, and recorded, was a blue light flash - gamma rays? - turning red, then infrared and finally disappearing as a radio signal.

viii. Sixth, actually the discovery (!) of the collision lasting 0.01 second producing one little gravitational wave was made using the US-based LIGO detectors, the Europe-based Virgo detector and some 70 other ground- and space-based observatories. Bla, bla, bla! What a stupid show!  

ESA is also faking gravitational waves research 2018. The Laser Interferometer Space Antenna (LISA), is an ESA mission designed to detect and accurately measure gravitational waves from astronomical sources like Black Holes, but also White Dwarfs and Neutron stars.

According Julien Lavalle of Laboratoire Univers et Particules de Monpellier, LUPM, there are at least two types of Black Holes! One low mass type that starts with the collapse of a star at the end of its life. The other type is much more massive and is of unknown origin. Neither can be observed as all types of Black Holes cannot be seen. They do not reflect any light, you know. But maybe they eject ULX! UltraLuminous X-rays:

Black holes are observed (sic) in nature (? universe or space) with masses of the order of ten times the mass of the Sun, and with masses of millions to billions the solar mass. The former are 'stellar black holes', the end product of massive stars, while the latter are 'super massive black holes', and exist in the centers of galaxies. Intermediate-mass black holes (IMBHs) are a hypothetical third class of objects, with masses in the range of hundreds to thousands of solar masses. Intermediate-mass black holes are light enough not to sink to the centre of their host galaxies by dynamical friction, but sufficiently massive to be able to emit at ULX luminosities without exceeding the Eddington limit. If a ULX is an intermediate-mass black hole, in the high/soft state it should have a thermal component from an accretion disk peaking at a relatively low temperature (kT ˜ 0.1 keV) and it may exhibit quasi-periodic oscillation at relatively low frequencies.

You follow? An intermediate-mass Black Hole 'may exhibit quasi-periodic oscillation at relatively low frequencies', so it can be seen! But it also ejects gravitational waves at the speed of light!

Gravitational waves astronomy is an emerging branch of observational astronomy which aims to use gravitational waves to collect observational data about sources of detectable gravitational waves such as binary star systems composed of white dwarfs, neutron stars, and black holes; and events such as supernovae, and the formation of the early universe shortly after the Big Bang.

A White Dwarf is a small, very dense, hot star that is made mostly of carbon according asstronomers. These faint stars are what remain after a Red Giant star loses its outer layers, we are told. Their nuclear cores are depleted. They are about the size of the Earth (but tremendously heavier)! They will eventually lose their heat and become a cold, dark Black Dwarf. Our sun will someday turn into a White Dwarf and then a Black Dwarf. The companion of Sirius is a White Dwarf. A Red Giant star is a relatively old star whose diameter is about 100 times bigger than it was originally, and had become cooler (the surface temperature is under 6.500K). They are frequently orange in color. Betelgeuse is a Red Giant star. It is about 20 times as massive as the Sun and about 14.000 times brighter than the Sun, and about 600 light-years from Earth. According Wikipedia. Therefore it can be seen!

A Neutron Star is a very small, super-dense star which is composed mostly of tightly-packed neutrons. It has a thin atmosphere of hydrogen according some experts. Imagine a star ... with atmosphere! It has a diameter of about 5-16 km and a density of roughly 1015 kg/m3. It is very heavy ... but a Black Hole of any type is much smaller and much heavier. There are thought to be around 100 million neutron stars in our galaxy the Milky Way. Imagine what people can invent. There is though no evidence for anything mentioned above.

In 2018 and 2019 no gravitational waves or pressure pulses have been recorded! People think the previous gravitational waves or pressure pulses are a hoax.

Just to make things clear:

I do not believe that all the matter and energy of the UNIVERSE was created by a Big Bang gravitational singularity bright FLASH 13.8 billions of years ago as suggested by Mr. Alex Filippenko or God or whatever. I do not believe the UNIVERSE is 85% full of black, invisible materia as suggested by Ms. Risa Wechsler or White Dwarfs or Neutron Stars and, finally, Black Holes of different types that will collide, produce gravitational waves or pressure pulses or suck up again all the matter and energy of the UNIVERSE, so it one day will finish to exist ... or start all over again. I am not alone suggesting that gravitational waves are a hoax.

I also do not believe in faint cosmic microwave background fluctuations, only 1/100,000 compared to the 2.73K average temperature of the radiation field. First I don't believe that the cosmic microwave background radiation is a remnant of the Big Bang and, second, that the 1/100 000 fluctuations - the density ripples - are an imprint of density contrast in an early UNIVERSE that existed during 300,000 years after a Big Bang.

The density ripples are said to have given rise to the visible structures that populate the UNIVERSE today: clusters of 2?000 billion galaxies and vast regions devoid of galaxies billions of light years away. LOL! But you cannot measure 1/100 000 fluctuations in temperature of a cosmic microwave background. No instrument can do it. It is all fakery.

I consider any scientists and astronomers suggesting it - with shaky, false instruments in balloons, spy planes and satellites - as religious, stupid, crazy, religious, myth creating idiots. Giving Nobel prizes to them is a shame. But so is the case. Few complain. I just laugh about it.

The 1/2 2019 Nobel prize physics was therefore given to 84 years old imagineer Mr. James Peebles "for theoretical discoveries in physical cosmology." And what are they? Cosmos/the Universe is like a cappuccino with sugar on top, i.e. 69% coffee/black energy, 26% cream/black material and 5% sugar/visible material of ordinary atoms - and some Black Holes in it ... according James! Of course there is no evidence of any black energy or material in the Universe, but who cares nowadays? Imaginary fantasies are top of the pops 2019!

So I agree fully with Hannes Alfvén:

"When men think about the universe, there is always a conflict between the mythical approach and the empirical scientific approach. In myth, one tries to deduce how the gods must have created the world, what perfect principle must have been used."

This, he said, is the method of conventional or fake cosmology today: to begin from a mathematical theory, e.g. Einstein's, to deduce from that theory how the Universe must have begun, and to work forward from the beginning to the present-day cosmos. The Big Bang fails scientifically because it seeks to derive the present, historically formed universe from a hypothetical perfection in the past, e.g. a singularity. All the contradictions with observation stem from this fundamental flaw.

The other method is the one Alfvén himself employed:

"I have always believed that astrophysics or cosmology should be the extrapolation of laboratory physics, that we must begin from the present universe and work our way backward to progressively more remote and uncertain epochs."

This method begins with observations, i.e. observation in the laboratory, from space probes, observation of the universe at large with proper instruments, and derives theories from that observation rather than beginning from theory and pure mathematics.  

The UNIVERSE is furthermore full of particles of all kind everywhere transmitting energy and similar, e.g. photons transmitting light or heat from stars, gravitons transmitting gravity force between objects, invisible 'black' energy particles no one knows what they are, etc. The UNIVERSE is mainly vacuum, i.e. it lacks air. Air or similar gases is only found close to planets or similar, e.g. Earth for us to breathe. Without air you will suffocate.

My UNIVERSE is a very simple song and dance. It is infinite in all directions without beginning and end, it has always existed, it has never been created - no Big Bang, no creations, no God, no Black Holes, no Einstein space time, etc. - and will never cease to exist. It will only develop. Biologic life on Earth including me reflects perfectly the mysteries of the Universe. Life on Earth - a mystery - is in perfect harmony with the unknown Universe. Biologic life including me is a fact and it evolves only on Earth and nowhere else. It upsets many people believing in absurd religions and fictions of space tourism, nuclear bombs, bow visors falling off ships and Arabs destroying skyscrapers from top down. People fake or create everything to satisfy their particular interests. I just live in my UNIVERSE for ever!

My UNIVERSE is very dynamic. Like a ship at sea moving and rotating in 3D in the interface air/water. And I am a small part of it for ever. Do not ask me to explain how my UNIVERSE works. Hannes Alfvén reasoned that plasma phenomena, the phenomena of electricity and magnetism, not just gravity, must be dominant in shaping the evolution of the UNIVERSE. So listen to me one minute! Just learn the songs and dances of your parents and then sing these songs and dance these dances with your children and friends and make new songs and dances and teach your children to sing and dance the old and new ones in liberty. That is life! As far as I understand things. Liberty ... and life ... are just to sing and dance ... freely! And critical thinking. And rotation! It seems our planet Earth rotates around its poles in 24 hours. The angular momentum of planet Earth is considerable. It seems also our planet Earth elliptically orbits the Sun in 365 days (or vice versa). Maybe the Sun also rotates around its poles one way or other and as the mass of the Sun is much bigger than Earth, the angular momentum of the Sun must be enormous. And what happens when two rotating heavenly bodies orbit one another? What forces are acting between them? Maybe the same mysterious force that keeps the parts of any galaxy including our Milky Way together. But is it gravity? Of course not, gravity attracts masses. When these masses start to move and rotate, the whole assembly becomes a mystery. Like a ship at sea.

It does not work according a mathematical formula or path with a 0 start point.

A prime number (or a prime) is a natural number of the Hindu-Arabic base 10 type numeral system greater than 1 that cannot be formed by multiplying two smaller natural numbers. A natural number greater than 1 that is not a prime is called a composite number. Natural numbers are those used for counting (as in "there are six coins on the table") and ordering (as in "this is the third largest city in the country"). A composite number is a positive integer that can be formed by multiplying two smaller positive integers, if you understand it and can do it?

Some 'astronomers' and 'space physicists' believe there is a secret code based on prime numbers that would explain their universes … but my UNIVERSE is based on the binary system. In the binary number system we do not take prime numbers too seriously as all binary numbers simply consist only of 0 and 1. Everything in my UNIVERSE rotates around itself and orbits around everything else all the time in all directions and planes to keep life on Earth possible ... forever. But do not ask me to explain how my UNIVERSE of 0's and 1's works. It can only be watched ... from ground ... on Earth ... by humans or from a satellite orbiting Earth using instruments. So no Gods in no Black Holes or what certain clowns are proposing!

As gravity forces can be observed to attract material masses everywhere to each other as per Newton, you would expect that all those moving masses would attract each other into a big lump somewhere some time - the END!

But no! The secret of my UNIVERSE is that material, moving masses, develops out of nothing and disappears into nothing all the time. So my UNIVERSE is always in dynamic balance, as can be seen by looking out of any window. Masses and forces appear and disappear far away, like galaxies, stars and suns by strange forces not yet explained. It is easy to demonstrate. Any atoms of protons, neutrons and electrons can be destroyed in collisions in cyclotrons in laboratories and the whole atoms and their parts, protons, neutrons and electrons disappear, i.e. become invisible particles of no mass or anything. And it happens in my UNIVERSE all the time. Maybe it is due to plasma? Normal cosmologists and astrophysicists à la Einstein refuse to accept it. They believe in fantasy, false atomic bombs and thermonuclear hydrogen bombs invented by their particular particle friends encouraged by corrupt politicians and military people! They scare the shit out of normal people 2011 about radiation at Fukushima/Japan, where there is nothing to worry about! They also force you to believe in fake space travels of all sorts invented by other cosmos and military friends. And they also believe in false Arabs landing planes in skyscrapers! To be a member of their sect you have to adore Einstein, the Big Bang, gravity waves and similar hoaxes. And an invisible god? I feel sorry for them. They are worse than dog shit!

In this article about space travel gravity is a force. As described by Newton about 300 years ago.

It is fairly easy to put an artificial, robust spacecraft, i.e. a very lightweight satellite in orbit around a rotating Earth. I can do it. I particularly like the GPS satellite blocks put in 24 hours orbits around Earth at quite high altitudes. These satellite blocks then appear like the Sun and individual GPS satellites rise and set each day seen from Earth and can thus be used - with an accurate clock and sextant or just a mobile phone - to automatically establish your position on a rotating Earth in case of a mobile phone. The old way with a sextant takes longer but the principles are the same. Each GPS satellite is robust and easy to identify and its orbit is known. Your mobile phone then tells you your location.

There are people that believe that you cannot even put a lightweight GPS satellite into orbit. They suggest that rocket engines do not work in vacuum ... only in air. They think that a rocket can only throw a satellite into orbit, as long as the rocket itself is in the atmosphere. After that the satellite is in vacuum space and cannot be controlled, as the rocket engine doesn't work there.

These people haven't understood that the real ... and only ... problem is to get the fuel mass, i.e. energy, into space for extended trips. Evidently rocket engines work in vacuum. To apply a force on your spacecraft you eject mass (hot fuel gasses) one way into vacuum space, i.e. you fill vacuum space with exhaust gas, and the spacecraft is accelerated in the opposite direction leaving the exhaust gas behind as shown in this video of a rocket in vacuum. The space behind the ignited/running rocket engine is no longer vacuum. It is polluted by exhaust. Rocket engines work anywhere, where it is possible to eject mass in the shape of exhaust.

But it is not so easy to put an artificial spacecraft in orbit around the Sun or Moon starting from Earth unless you go to the L1/2 points. If you have too little speed leaving Earth vertically straight up like an ICBM, you will soon drop straight back on Earth due to the Earth gravity force (like an ICBM) and go faster and faster and be vaporized at re-entry. No orbit! If you manage to get away from Earth gravity force to be caught by Sun or Moon gravity forces but have too little speed to orbit the Sun or the Moon, you will first go slower and slower away from Earth and then be pulled into the Sun or Moon at increased speed by Sun or Moon gravity forces and crash. No orbit! And if you have too much speed or go in the wrong direction, you will speed off into the Milky way or Universe and be lost forever. No orbit! In all cases you cannot stop and get away from the unknown trajectory you are in. You are going too fast or too slow or in the wrong direction and have no fuel/energy to carry you home and ... you don't know, where you are. Satellite orbits are always one-way. You apply a force (by firing a rocket) at departure from ground and enter an orbit at the right speed, altitude and direction ... and you'll be there forever. If you have extra fuel aboard, you can do simple manouvers in space; e.g. increase the altitude of your Earth orbit. But you cannot return and land on a rotating Earth. There are no means to brake! You have no fuel for it. If you enter or leave orbit at the wrong, slow or high speed or too low altitude, you will sooner or later crash somewhere or disappear in the universe. 

Returning from space and landing on Earth is another obstacle. Example: Apollo 11 (see sketch below in D) returned from the Moon to the Earth 1969 during a couple of days with three humans aboard. Earth gravity pulled the spacecraft Apollo 11 with them faster and faster most of the time vertically towards the centre of Earth! They must arrive at a re-entry interface location B in the upper Earth atmosphere at the exact location/altitude (say 120 000 m) at the exact time, speed and direction (almost horizontally!) to start their (impossible) re-entry into a trajectory to arrive at a location/altitude (say 5 000 m) to deploy parachutes nine or ten minutes later. As you cannot calculate your trajectory prior arriving and after leaving the re-entry interface location B, the whole venture is ... a typical NASA hoax! Every return trip from the International Fake Space Station is also false for the same reason! I explain more below! I also offer €1M to anybody showing I am wrong since many years. There is no winner ever for obvious reasons. Nobody can win it.

Another example of false trajectory in space is the NASA Juno satellite launched August 5, 2011. It was proposed that it cruised around in deep space (trajectory unknown!) until it returned to Earth (!) October 2013 for a fantasy gravity assisted kick (sling shot - see C below) to proceed to planet Jupiter. The Juno spacecraft then arrived at planet Jupiter July 4, 2016, (trajectory unknown!) and, after a 35 minutes long brake burn (where did the fuel come from?), started to orbit Jupiter looking for water.

What a joke! Media thought it was fantastic! You can be sure that the whole $1.1 billion Juno mission was another, typical NASA hoax. There is no way you can travel around in space from Earth to Jupiter and then into orbit around Jupiter as suggested by NASA. There is no way to establish the trajectory.

Go to C.