The 1 000 000:- Anders Björkman Challenges 3 (previously the Heiwa Challenges - seriously proposed and paid for by Anders Björkman, M.Sc. also at Assbook)

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Warning

Media and readers of my articles about atomic bombs 1945, moon trips 1969, M/S Estonia ferry incident 1994 and 911 tower top down terrorist collapses 2001 are warned. You probably suffer from cognitive dissonance and cannot handle my information without getting mentally disturbed with serious consequences.

My proven facts are simple and correct and good news. A-bombs do not work. Humans cannot travel to the Moon. M/S Estonia didn't lose her bow visor. Skyscrapers do not collapse from top down. All information to the contrary is pseudoscience, propaganda lies or fantasies promoted by media and taught at universities. And if you do not agree with the official lies, you will not be allowed at the university boat race* and other silly events, etc. Your position in society is at risk.

If you suffer from cognitive dissonance, you no doubt find my info disturbing and get upset, angry, anxious or worried. What to believe and write? Old lies or truth?

Media incl. newspaper chief editors are kindly requested to get psychological assistance to get rid of their cognitive dissonance. Why not cure yourself? And publish the result as a scoop.

*Safety at sea is my business

 

Like all the great religions of the past, The Nutwork presents a choice to us all: believe our stories or live in doubt. While their stories seem rather silly to us, they give feelings of security and purpose to others. These stories are the gospel of the religion of normality, if you will. You cannot be normal if you don't believe in this gospel. You cannot function in society like your friends and family if you don't believe in this gospel. You can't just stop believing in the gospel of normality, because doing so would mean you have to find different answers to all the questions the gospel answered before. The gospel covers a massive emptiness in people. I can understand why people refuse to question it.

The RideNeverEnds

 

The Anders Björkman Challenge 3 (since May, 2016)

We are told that

"... nuclear fusion is a nuclear reaction in which two or more atomic nuclei come very close and then collide at a very high speed and join to form a new nucleus. The mass of this new nucleus is slightly less than the sum of its constituents, by an amount known as the "binding energy". This is because the compound nucleus is a lower-energy system (a "more favourable" system energetically) than the two parent nuclei. The binding energy is released as photons (energy). This is the energy that is given off by a fusion process. Fusion is the process that powers active or "main sequence" stars, or other high magnitude stars."

Source

It sounds correct and here is more:

Hydrogen, heated to very high temperatures changes from a gas to a plasma in which the negatively-charged electrons are separated from the positively-charged atomic nuclei (ions). Normally, fusion is not possible because the strongly repulsive electrostatic forces between the positively charged nuclei prevent them from getting close enough together to collide and for fusion to occur. However, if the conditions are such that the nuclei can overcome the electrostatic forces to the extent that they can come within a very close range of each other, then the attractive nuclear force (which binds protons and neutrons together in atomic nuclei) between the nuclei will outweigh the repulsive (electrostatic) force, allowing the nuclei to fuse together. Such conditions can occur when the temperature increases, causing the ions to move faster and eventually reach speeds high enough to bring the ions close enough together. The nuclei can then fuse, causing a release of energy.

Source

The fusion reaction here on Earth apparently takes place at 150 000 000° C in a plasma fixed by electromagnetic field forces inside a reactor that produces energy or heat ... at 150.000.000°.C. Then Tritium atoms (Hydrogen with two extra neutrons) fuse with Deuterium atoms (Hydrogen with one extra neutron) to form Helium, while releasing energy that is recovered and free neutrons that are just flying away to become other subatomic particles. No CO2 or similar pollution!

There are many projects to build a prototype nuclear fusion reactor, e.g. ITER (International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor) at Cadarache, France, Stellarator Wendelstein 7-X at Greifswald, Germany, ARC at MIT, Cambridge/Boston, USA, Lockheed Martin (compact fusion), Beteshda, Maryland, USA, etc, etc.

ITER will cost 18.000.000.000 - 20.000.000.000:- to produce its first kWh by say 2027. Then the annual running cost will be only 230.000.000:-/year until 2035/40, when the ITER-reactor can produce 10 kWh with an input of of only 1 kWh. The plan is that ITER shall produce 500 megawatt. ITER will be the first fusion machine fully designed for Deuterium-Tritium Operation. Commissioning will happen in three phases: hydrogen operation, followed by deuterium operation, and finally full deuterium-tritium operation. When this so called Deuterium-Tritium Operation can start ... is not known!

 

No project has so far managed to produce any electricity by nuclear fusion. It is suggested that the plasma has been or will be created inside these reactors but there is no information how to transform energy/heat at 150.000.000°.C in a plasma to, e.g. steam at ~585° C and 185 bar for a suitable, old fashioned steam turbine driving two electric generators producing say 250 MW each.

It is suggested that the 150.000.000°.C heat in the plasma is transferred into a working fluid that is or turns into steam, driving electric generators as per figure found on the Internet right. The working fluid is heated to unknown temperature in coils in the fusion reactor wall and carried outside to a mysterious heat transfer process tank, where apparently steam is produced driving the electrical generator nearby. The steam condensate (?) returns to the heat transfer process tank and back to the coils in the fusion reactor wall.


Very well! But can it be done?

Culham Centre for Fusion Energy (CCFE) is the UK's national laboratory for fusion research. CCFE (formerly known as UKAEA Culham) is based at Culham Science Centre in Oxfordshire, and is owned and operated by the United Kingdom Atomic Energy Authority has answered the question "When can we expect electricity generated from fusion to be available?" as follows:

"Experimental fusion machines (sic) have now produced fusion powers (sic) of more than ten megawatts. A new machine (sic) under construction, called ITER, will be capable of producing 500 megawatts of fusion power. ITER is expected (sic) to start operating in the early 2020s. Although it will be on the scale needed for a power station, there will still be technological issues (sic) to address to produce steady, reliable electricity, so it is anticipated that a prototype power station will be needed after ITER. Electricity generation is expected in 30 to 40 years, depending on funding and technical progress (sic).

Source

The reply is misleading as ITER today (October 2016) is delayed many, many years with enormous cost overruns due to incompetent project management under M. Bernard Bigot and will produce no plasma until December 2025, if, if, if, and does not even include a steam generation and or electricity generation plant. At ITER any cooling water taken from the little Canal de Provence will just be dumped in the small Durance river.You wonder why they didn't add a steam/electricity plant. Reason is that ITER cannot produce heat continuously; only temporarily until it cannot be cooled down after say ... 30 seconds of plasma.

In order to assist with better knowledge, less confusion and real technical progress the Anders Björkman Challenge 3 is to explain and show that a fusion reactor can in fact produce electricity continously, incl. how to get started. How do you heat the interior to 150.000.000°.C so that hydrogen atoms can fuse without the whole thing melting? And then, how do you continuously transfer this heat to finally become steam at say ~585° C.

The first person describing how to transform energy at 150.000.000°.C plasma to steam at ~585° C and 185 bar and actually does it and produces electricity continuously wins 1.000.000:-.

Send your entry (detailed descriptions of the steam plant incl. the fusion part and where the electric generator can be seen - 2056?) to Anders Björkman, 6 rue Victor Hugo, F 06 240 Beausoleil, France, anders.bjorkman@wanadoo.fr

Money is evidently available at the bank (if I am alive then at 110). The award will be paid by bank transfer.

The International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor, ITER at Cadarache, Southern France, has its origin in an agreement between the POTUS (Reagan) and the head of state of the USSR (Gorbatchev) 1985 to develop fusion research together. Other countries like China, India, Japan, South Korea and the European Union joined 1996 and 2005 it was agreed to build a machine (sic), where fusion (plasma) could be created and 2006 the partners signed an agreement to this effect. The total cost for the machine was 5 000 million to be ready 2016. 2010 construction started. Already 2013 it was clear that the original plan and budget were not realistic. 2016 it was announced that the machine would cost 19 000 million to be ready for a simple test (say 1 second) December, 2026, and 2035 for full power plasma test (30 seconds)!

Reasons are, apart from the normal incompetent project management and corruption, that the project employs plenty physicists that cannot find well paid jobs in the equally corrupt nuclear weapons and human space travel industries not to forget the atomic particle research business and that the machine will melt after 30 seconds with plasma inside.

The whole thing is thus a fraud or hoax to keep a few people and many PhDs employed ... like in the a-bomb and human space trips to Mars projects.

 

 

Anders Björkman

 

The 911-report and the CIA Torture report written by members of the U.S. Congress can be read free of charge on the net. I review the reports here where you also can download the reports. Interesting reading. One President of the U.S. encouraged the CIA to use torture to find out how terrorists are brainwashed and another President of the U.S. ordered the terrorist to be murdered!


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